Two important aspects of Public Health’s work are vaccinations and screening.
Immunisations can prevent a number of diseases from affecting a population and the health benefits of immunisations programmes are irrefutable. Most immunisation programmes hope to be administered to 95% of the population. This directly protects the majority of the population and if a pocket of a disease does appear the immune population should be able to contain the spread of the illness.
90.7% of children in Wiltshire have received their 2nd dose of MMR
Screening looks for early signs of disease, with the aim of diagnosing a disease as early as possible when the chance of effective treatment is highest. There are three main cancer screening programmes that have been established across the country: breast cancer screening, cervical cancer screening and bowel cancer screening.
78.2% and 76.3% of eligible women were screened for breast cancer and cervical cancer respectively
(NHS digital, 2016).
62.3% of eligible residents were screened for bowel cancer
(NHS digital, 2016).
A recent program to screen 40-74 year olds aims to help prevent heart disease, stroke diabetes and kidney disease. Everyone between the ages of 40 and 74, who has not already been diagnosed with one of these conditions, will be invited (once every five years) to have a check to assess, raise awareness and support them to manage their risk of cardiovascular disease.
82.8% of the eligible population in Wiltshire have been offered a health check since 2013/14 (Public Health England, 2016). It is hoped that 100% of the eligible population will have been offered a health check between 2013/14 and 2017/18.
The Health protection slide set highlights some infant immunisations, flu vaccinations, cancer screening programmes and NHS Health Checks.
The Health protection data pack provides further facts and figures concerning many vaccinations, cancer screening, chlamydia screening and NHS Health Checks. The data pack includes comparisons to England, the South West and Wiltshire’s statistical neighbours. Trend is also included where appropriate along with gender, age and deprivation analysis.